Putting the Community Back in College

public croppedCommunity colleges have been much in the news since President Obama proposed free tuition for millions of students. This plan isn’t cheap and states will have to change their spending habits to reap the benefits of expanded community college for all.  They’ll need to invest considerable sums to both match the President’s proposal, and reverse historic declines in state funding so that they have the capacity to serve millions of new students.

But why should states invest in community colleges instead of relying on for-profit schools to fill the gaps, as they have done for the past decade?

Community colleges train students for much lower tuition than for-profit schools.  Students can get a comparable (or better) education for a fraction of the cost, leading to much lower rates of student debt.  This justifies some measure of state investment, if only to keep the scourges of high debt burden and default from ruining the lives of local students.

Community colleges also offer community benefits that for-profit schools do not. 

These institutions are not just “tickets to the middle class” Continue reading

Wherefore Art Thou, Higher Education Act?

This week’s guest post is contributed by Marie Vanderbilt, a 3L at American University Washington College of Law.  Marie breaks down the past, present and future of the Higher Education Act, the umbrella statute for most federal aid.

Will Congress manage to reauthorize the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) before it sunsets at year’s end? The HEA formed one of the main pillars of the Johnson Administration’s War on Poverty (watch LBJ deliver the 1964 State of the Union, minute 20:20.)  The goal was to ensure that no one would be denied an education because of their financial situation.  The HEA removed financial barriers to higher education by authorizing a program of need-based grants and student-support programs. Since 1965, the HEA has been repeatedly reauthorized, most recently in 2008. Each time, the HEA has been amended, edited, and expanded. However, the foundational belief in the importance of access to education remains.

With Congress deadlocked over the budget, it is hard to imagine a serious conversation about how we should fund our system of higher education.  The Senate HELP Committee held new hearings this past month, at least a glimmer of activity.  The last time, Congress didn’t manage to reauthorize until five years after the deadline.  The purpose of having laws sunset is to open up programs for inspection and debate.  In the case of higher education, that moment will soon be overdue.